Mathura popularly known as 'Brajbhoomi' is a birth place of the lord Krishna situated on the western bank of river Yamuna in the state of Uttar Pradesh. This beautiful city is about 3000 years old and hub of Indian culture and civilization. Apart from the Hindu religion this place is also highly revered by the Buddhists, Jain and Brahmanical.
The city of Brajbhoomi can be divided into two units the eastern part and the western part which are separated by the river Yamuna. The western side of Mathura encompasses the region of Nandgaon, Vrindavan, Barsana and Govardhan. While the eastern side of Mathura encompasses regions like Baldeo, Mahavan, Bajna and Mat.
Mathura is an important place of pilgrimage in India visited by scores of devotees from several parts of the globe. The mystic beauty of this place lies in its long stretch of beautiful ghats, arched gateways and temple extending along the right bank of the River Yamuna.
There are many tourist attractions in Mathura and the most important ones are the sacred temples and shrines that are built here.
Shri Krishna Janma Bhoomi
This is the most famous attractions of Mathura renowned as the birthplace of Lord Krishna. He is the most revered Indian deity and one of the important characters of the Indian epic, the Mahabharata. The temple complex is made inside a prison cell where Vasudev and Devaki, parents of Sri Krishna was held captive during Mahabharata time. This is the cell where Bhagwan Sri Krishna was born. It is the most sacred place in the world for all the followers of Sri Krishna. There is also a museum inside the temple that displays several antique statues that were excavated in the neighboring areas which support this fact.
This is another popular attraction of this place located near River Yamuna. It was built in 1814 and renowned for its architectural splendor, intricate carving and fine paintings. During the festive occasion of Holi, Janmashthami and Diwali this temple is decorated on the grandiose scale. Along with the idol of Lord Krishna the temple also houses the images of his beloved consort Radha and many other gods. Darshan timing of the temple are between 7 am to 8 pm on all days around the year.
This is another most popular temple of this place which was built by the Birla group. It is renowned across the globe for its Bhagavad Gita inscription on the walls of the temple. The intricate carvings and paintings are major attractions of this temple. Sanctum of the temple is ornamented with a beautiful idol of the lord Krishna, who is escorted by Lakshmi Narayana, Ram and Sita.
This museum was established in the year 1874 and renowned for its immense contribution in the field of arts. The Mathura Museum reveals some of the unique artifacts of Mathura school of Paintings. This museum reflects the rich cultural heritage of the city through its collection of fine sculpture of Kushanas, gold, copper and silver coins, terracotta works, clay models, ancient pottery and paintings.
This city is known for its ghats. At present the city has about twenty five ghats, and each of the ghats is connected to Lord Krishna in one or the other way. It is said that devotees must visit all these ghats so that they can end their Mathura pilgrimage. Ghats in the northern region are known as Vishram Ghats and ghats in the southern region called as Moksha ghats.
This is another popular attraction of Mathura visited by scores of tourists during their visit to this place. It is actually a 450 foot long tank that belongs to the era of Lord Krishna. The depth of this pond is 60 feet and has number of stairs from all sides. It is said that Kusum Sarovar is the place where Gopis or milkmaids used to pick flowers for the lord Krishna. The place remains the best swimming spot in the Braj region till date.
Raja Bharatpur's Palace
This is an imperial mansion renowned across the globe for its excellent architecture and craftsmanship of yesteryears. The architectural pattern of this palace represents the perfect blend of Rajput and Mughal style of design, decorations and constructions. The central hall of this palace is converted into a museum where visitors can see the royal artifacts of olden era. Some of these artifacts belong to 2nd century which unfurls the charm of golden era.
Mathura is among the most visited holiday destination of India because of the interwoven charm of nature, religion and culture. Some of the other well-known attractions of this place are Bihariji Temple, Govinda Dev Mandir, Jama Masjid, Krishna Balaram Mandir, Mathura Jain Chorasi, Yamuna Bagh and many more.
The ideal time to visit Mathura is during the winter season between the months of October and March because summers are generally hot and winters are chilly.
In Mathura tourists can taste varieties of palatable food. However, the popular foods of Mathura are lassi, sweetened hot milk, milk badama and Thandai. Different types of sweetmeat balls, especially ‘Peda’ is available in Mathura. Pedas of Mathura are famous all over the country. Different types of Pedas are sold in Mathura.
Being a religious town Mathura is famous across the globe for its religious and holy products. There are numerous of shops selling various types of religious and holy objects. The best shopping places of Mathura are situated near the Dwarkadheesh Temple and Tilak Dwar.
Mathura receives a large number of worshipper as well as tourists throughout the year from several parts of the globe. There are various categories of hotels are available according to the budget and preferences of tourists.
By Air: The nearest airport from Mathura is located at 60 kilometers away at Kheria in Agra. This airport is well connected with all the major domestic airlines.
By Rail: The city is connected with different parts of India with several express and super fast trains with various parts of India.
By Road: Mathura is well-connected to all the major cities in Uttar Pradesh and India through a network of State and National Highways. Uttar Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation plies several buses to adjoining cities.